Treating Childhood Diarrhea in India with ORT and Zinc: Engaging the Pharmaceutical Industry and Private Providers
Lessons Learned from the POUZN/AED Project
Zinc is widely recognized as a highly effective and inexpensive way to treat childhood diarrhea. In 2005, USAID created the Point-of-Use Water Disinfection and Zinc Treatment (POUZN) Project and contracted with AED to introduce zinc in combination with Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORT) in India. This case study provides the context for and goals of the project; the various phases of POUZN; and strategy adjustments. It looks to the future for next steps and summarizes the principle lessons learned during the project.
The following lessons may prove useful for further work in India, as well as be adaptable to other countries:
- Zinc treatment is a new concept and competes with well-entrenched prescription behaviors and traditional treatment practices.
- Key opinion leaders in both the public and the private sector (including top pediatricians) are crucial zinc champions.
- Working with the private pharmaceutical sector is critical to ensure a long-term, competitively priced supply of zinc and sustained demand generation.
- The reach of pharmceutical marketing (and "detailing") is limited in rural areas, and the "trickle down"
- The public and private sectors have different objectives and time scales.