Private Providers' Knowledge, Attitudes and Misconceptions Related to Long-Acting and Permanent Contraceptive Methods: a Case Study in Bangladesh


In Bangladesh, use of long-acting and permanent methods of contraception (LAPMs) remains stagnant. Providers' limited knowledge and biases may be a factor. We assessed private providers' knowledge, misconceptions and general attitudes towards LAPM in two urban areas. The ultimate goal is to shape programs and interventions to overcome these obstacles and improve full method choice in Bangladesh.

Study design

Trained data collectors interviewed a convenience sample of 235 female doctors (obstetricians–gynecologists and general practitioners) and 150 female nurses from 194 commercial (for-profit) health care facilities in Chittagong City Corporation and Dhaka district. Data were collected on the nature of the practice, training received, knowledge about modern contraceptives and attitudes towards LAPM [including intrauterine device (IUDs), implants, female and male sterilization].


All providers, and especially doctors, lacked adequate knowledge regarding side effects for all LAPMs, particularly female and male sterilization. Providers had misconceptions about the effectiveness and convenience of LAPMs compared to short-acting contraceptive methods. Implants and IUDs were generally perceived more negatively than other methods. The majority of providers believed that husbands favor short-acting methods rather than LAPMs and that women should not use a method that their husbands do not approve of.


Our findings document knowledge and attitudinal barriers among private for-profit providers in urban areas affecting their provision of accurate information about LAPM choices. Practitioners should be offered the necessary tools to provide women full access to all modern methods, especially LAPMs, in order to contribute to decreasing unmet need and improving full method choice in Bangladesh.

This article was published in Contraception, Volume 94, No. 5, pages 505-511.


Jorge Ugaza, Kathryn Banke, Stephen Rahaim, Wahiduzzaman Chowdhury, Julie Williams



November 2016
Resource Types
Journal Publication
Technical Area
Provider Quality
Health Area
Family Planning
long-acting permanent methods



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