Improving referral systems for diagnosis and treatment of TB

It is well documented that patent proprietary medicine vendors and community pharmacists are the first source of health care for the majority of Nigerians, which makes them the ideal entry point into a continuum of care that is convenient for tuberculosis patients. SHOPS Plus trained these vendors and pharmacists in each health facility’s catchment area and enrolled them in networks so that they can screen for TB and refer people with presumed TB to the participating clinical facilities. To encourage referrals of patients for diagnosis, SHOPS Plus developed a financial incentive strategy and works with the relevant professional organizations to uphold the standards of tuberculosis care.

Learn more about tuberculosis and networks and franchising.

See all Nigeria program components.



Sustaining Health Outcomes through the Private Sector (SHOPS) Plus is a five-year cooperative agreement (AID-OAA-A-15-00067) funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). This website is made possible by the generous support of the American people through USAID. The information provided on this website is not official U.S. government information and does not represent the views or positions of USAID or the U.S. government.

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